When extreme hardness is required for aluminum building components, such as in high-traffic areas, like entranceways and railings, an AAMA 611-14 anodized aluminum finish should be specified.
The hardness of anodized aluminum rivals that of the diamond.
This “Nickel Test” demonstrates why a Class I high-performance anodize coating is the perfect choice for exterior architectural applications.
Architectural Class I Anodize
Class I anodize is used on the exterior of architectural projects. It has a higher mil thickness than Class II anodize; it is more resistant to salt spray and the sea coast; and it is more durable in high traffic areas.
Class I anodize, with a minimum mill thickness of 0.7 (18 microns), can be a suitable choice for coastal climates as it possesses exceptional resistance to corrosion, discoloration and wear; however, its natural beauty can be marred by harsh chemicals, rough conditions or neglect. These conditions may only affect the surface finish and not reduce the service life of the aluminum, but mortar, cement, and other alkaline materials will quickly corrode an anodize finish if allowed to dry on the metal surface.
Class I anodize meets or exceeds all requirement of AAMA 611 “Voluntary Specification for Anodized Architectural Aluminum.
Linetec utilizes a more eco-friendly etching method within the anodizing process. Eco friendly anodize improves the finishes ability to hide small defects in the the aluminum and works exceptionally well with recycled billet. ;
Copper anodize offers the look of rich, real copper without such shortcomings as salt run-off stains, galvanic corrosion and patina. This unique and consistent process involves using actual copper to color the aluminum while isolating the copper in the coating.
Simple tips to help you improve your understanding of color performance in the paint — ultimately allowing you to deliver more accurate, consistent hues to your clients’ projects.
- When creating a specification, how can you ensure the color sample you’re using will ultimately match the final tinted paint?
- How can you be confident the color in the first gallon of paint applied on a job site matches the final gallon applied?
- How can you get custom color matches to be as true as possible to the swatch or sample you’re working from?
The answers to all of these questions come down to two things: color accuracy and color consistency. They’re two sides of the same coin, and knowing the right things to look for from your paint and coatings provider is the best way to ensure you can deliver color excellence to your clients.
“First of all, you want to be sure you’re working with paint products, colors and color formulas that are all designed to work as an integrated system,” says Sue Wadden, director of color marketing at Sherwin-Williams.
For example, color formulas should be programmed to flex subtly and precisely depending on the product and finish combination you specify, ensuring the most accurate color result in the final tinted paint.
Another tip: Avoid working with paint providers that use third-party manufacturing.
“The paint manufacturer should control its own manufacturing and quality,” says Steve Revnew, senior vice president of product innovation at Sherwin-Williams. “That includes the colorant it uses to tint its paint.”
When paint providers turn to third parties to manufacture base products or colorants, the color results in the final tinted paint can show wider variances.
Ultimately, color accuracy and consistency are a lot like cooking: Success depends on trained experts and repeatable systems. When you work with a paint and coatings provider that has the human and technical expertise to manage color accuracy and consistency at every stage — product design, quality manufacturing, color formula management, final tinting — you radically reduce the possibility of color issues on the job site.
“Ask a contractor,” Revnew says. “They’re the ones who have experience with gallon-to-gallon color consistency and reliable color touchups.”
When you specify Sherwin-Williams, your designs are powered by ColorSnap® Precision, our exclusive system for ensuring exceptional color accuracy and consistency in the paint.
ColorSnap provides you with:
- Color samples engineered to match the final tinted paint
- Paints and colorants designed as an interlocked system
- Consistent gallon-to-gallon color delivery via our 4,000-plus locations
- State-of-the-art technology to precision match custom colors
- Real-time color formula updates
ColorSnap color selection tools are available both online and in-store. Visit swcolorsnap.com to learn more.
Company: The Sherwin-Williams Company
KHS&S is an international design-assist specialty contractor with a portfolio that includes more than 5,000 casino resorts, hospitals, hotels, entertainment venues, retail facilities, theme parks, attractions and public works projects around the country and overseas. Founded in 1984, the firm is now the second largest specialty wall and ceiling contractor in the USA.
At the recent Florida Wall and Ceiling Contractors Association (FWCCA) convention and trade show in Orlando, the company picked up the award for Project of the Year for the work they did on Disney Springs, an elegant shopping, dining and entertainment complex at Florida’s Walt Disney World. A key partner in the KHS&S supply chain? Sto Corp, who provided wall components for two stucco buildings, that included products from its leading air and moisture barrier system:Sto Gold Fill® and StoGuard Mesh, Sto VaporSeal®, Sto TurboStick™ and Sto DrainScreen.
Sto worked with Disney’s architects on the specification details. Now that the work is done, the results speak for themselves.
The Disney Springs design team specified StoGuard for the KHS&S project. Photo: Chad Baumer
The handsome brick facing was constructed using StoGuard Vaporseal for protection. Photo: Chad Baumer
Company: Sto Corp.
Product: Air and Moisture Barriers
Of: Tony Cook
Stenciled concrete is a great option for pool decks, patios and driveways
How can concrete become brick? Or be turned into fan-shaped cobblestone? Or have your company logo “painted” on? The answer to all of those questions is stencils. Stenciled concrete is popular for exterior surfaces like driveways, patios and pool decks because there are a lot of varied patterns available, and they are pretty DIY friendly.
Plain concrete is no longer interesting to homeowners who have seen the creative design options on Pinterest and the home and garden TV shows. Concrete that has a pattern, in different colors and shapes, enhances property value of the property. Concrete that is already in good shape can be stenciled in any design and sealed to make the surface long-lasting. Stencils are easy to install—a dedicated DIY-er can do it themselves and be successful, and contractors can make very good profit.
Many companies sell stenciled concrete patterns. These are available in classic patterns like herringbone brick or the fan-shaped cobblestone patterns of European streets. Design companies also sell stencils that can be cut using high-tech CNC machinery that can be made in any specification—your monograms, a company logo, a horse for the driveway of a stable, or wine grapes for the floor of a winery tasting room. The options are endless!
Next time you see a patio, pool deck or driveway with a beautiful and intricate pattern on top of concrete, take a closer look! It’s likely a stencil. Many patterns can be cut into concrete with concrete saws. For large-scale concrete, such as courtyards and plazas, colors can be mixed into concrete as it is poured. But for details such as brick edging, a pattern that looks like Ashlar slate, herringbone brick, or even octagonal tiles, it’s often stenciled concrete.
Use a product like Duraamen’s Uberdeck polymer-modified, concrete overlay or Skraffino Portland cement skim coat to the top of concrete you already have. First, apply the stencil pattern. Then apply the concrete coating in the colors you want. It can be that simple to have a durable concrete surface that looks brand new!
Please click here to learn the detailed installation process.
Company: Duraamen Engineered Products Inc.
Like blue meeting yellow to make green, every color is a collision of influences - every palette a fresh chance at community.
Less is more as we’re de-cluttering, moving more possessions into the cloud. Silence is no longer empty, but instead rare and rich with possibility. Our notions of what’s authentic are being complicated. We’re celebrating the unfiltered, yet captivated by the artfully processed. Blending in is the new standing out. Flaws are treasured. The hushed tones of this score play out in sand, complex grays and hazy botanicals.
Nationalism and globalism are in flux, challenging terrestrial boundaries. We’re remapping our sense of community. Optimism persists in the form of boundary-breaking skyscrapers and commercial space travel. Even landlocked cities are becoming global hubs of crafts and gastronomy. We crave security and adventure in equal measure. Airbnb, car sharing and e-learning have created a culture of everyday nomadism. The bright folklore of this story is told in memorable pops of peacock color.
We’re each moving to the beat of our own algorithm. From choosing a dry cleaner to choosing a college, data powers nearly every decision we make. In Silicon Valley, Austin, Berlin and Beijing, techies are the new hippies, full of breakthrough ideas and utopian ideals. A generation is waving the flag of color freedom, and Instagramming every moment. This high-tech palette is pixelated in orange, violets, digital greens and high-def yellow.
Company: The Sherwin-Williams Company
Product: Interior Paints
HERMETIC™ Industrial Floor Coatings offer a variety of high performance flooring options for facility managers, property owners and specifiers looking for a ultra durable, easy to maintain, seamless flooring system. In fact, the choices are often so many that it becomes difficult to choose. In many cases, the right choice will be dependent upon the unique situation of the facility and what performance characteristics are required in a floor.
Industrial floor coatings are often chosen for aesthetic or financial reasons. They are a great value for medium to high impact areas where heavy traffic is expected. HERMETIC™ (epoxy resin based) Industrial Floor Coatings are available in almost any color and can be applied in thicknesses between 1/16″ to 1/2″ or more. They can easily improve the aesthetics and harden the surface of existing concrete substrate. Epoxies create a seamless, waterproof barrier, which provides a well-protected surface but demands a low-moisture substrate on which to be applied. Because an expertly installed epoxy floor provides this wall-to-wall seamless surface, it is very popular in the pharmaceutical and chemical processing industries. When chemicals cannot contaminate the concrete substrate, you are assured uncontaminated products down the line and easy clean-ups in the meantime.
HERMETIC™ (urethane based) Industrial Floor Coatings are similar to epoxies in terms of installation and function; they are installed over a concrete substrate, filling in the cracks and achieving a smooth, seamless surface. Urethane, however, is a better choice for areas that are likely to receive thermal shock, high-impact, increased abrasion or chemical exposure. Urethane is an extremely durable product that is likely to meet or exceed the physical needs of any facility. Urethanes also have aesthetic appeal similar to epoxies. The material can reflect light to a degree that influences your utility costs and improves worker productivity. For all of these reasons, urethane is a popular choice for commercial kitchens and food processing facilities.
Product: HERMETIC™ Industrial Flooring
The interior and exterior aspects of the decorative concrete and resinous flooring industry has never been busier or in higher demand. Property owners, builders and architects are looking for something new. Something with more durability and better appeal than conventional tile, hardwood, carpet and terrazzo and Elite Crete Systems is leading the way with our award winning products and systems.
Custom, seamless, unique and durable... Those are the words used by this business owner when describing the type of floor they wanted for their for yogurt shop. By using THIN-FINISH, MICR-FINISH, HYDRA-STONE Dye Stain and E100-PT1 Clear Epoxy, that is exactly what they got.
The courtyard at this pizza restaurant was in poor shape. The concrete was pitted, stained and otherwise needed taken out and replaced. With THIN-FINISH however a durable, permanent and decorative finish was made possible in just a few days and at a fraction of the cost of replacement.
REFLECTOR Enhancer Flooring Systems used in conjunction with a custom made stencil to create an ultra durable, easy to clean floor that resembles that of a high end carpet.
If you are a designer, architect or specifier and need assistance with an up coming project, we have over 90 technical support and specification assistance offices world wide
Seamless decorative quartz floors can be used anywhere that durable, attractive flooring is required. Research labs, manufacturing plants, bathrooms, locker rooms, kitchens, restaurants, healthcare facilities, showrooms, garages, warehouses and schools are just a few uses for decorative quartz flooring.
The installation of a decorative quartz floor involves the application of a resin body coat over a surface (usually a primed concrete substrate) and broadcasting (or troweling) colored quartz granules to achieve a seamless high performance floor. The body coat may be applied in one layer (single broadcast) or applied in two layers (double broadcast) to provide a thicker, stronger floor.
In the interest of versatility, manufacturers provide a few different options of resin body coats to choose from. The three most commonly used resin body coats are Epoxy, Urethane Concrete (also called Cementitious Urethane) and Methyl Methacrylate (MMA).
Contractors, do-it-yourselfers or anyone else who wants to install a decorative quartz floor may have questions about which type of resin-based quartz flooring to purchase. If this is you, keep reading. Below we explain the advantages of each of the three most popular resin body coat choices for seamless quart flooring.
1. Epoxy Based Quartz Flooring
The biggest advantage of using an Epoxy resin based quartz flooring system is cost. Epoxy resin is less expensive than its urethane and Methyl Methacrylate (MMA) resin counterparts. Epoxy resin flooring provides a super-strong and durable surface that is impact, moisture and abrasion resistant. It can be made chemically resistant with the use of a polyaspartic topcoat. Watch this video to see the installation of an epoxy based double broadcast quartz system.
If your deadline is tight or you have moisture issues with the substrate, one of the other options below may better suit your needs.
2. Urethane Concrete Based Quartz Flooring
If you suspect your project’s concrete substrate has a moisture vapor emission problem, or may develop one, then choose a Urethane concrete based quartz flooring system. In addition to the strength and durability of epoxy flooring, Urethane concrete will not bubble or crack on high-moisture substrates. Old, new, on grade, or suspended slab—just about any concrete substrate can be beautified with a Urethane based floor. When applied at a thickness of 1/4" or greater, it is generally accepted that Urethane Concrete systems are unaffected by substrate moisture. It is important to follow the installation instructions exactly to ensure a trouble-free floor for years to come.
3. MMA Based Quartz Flooring
WMethyl Methacrylate (MMA) resin based decorative quartz systems. Since MMA resins cure at extremely low temperatures, they are excellent for use in freezers and cold storage areas. MMA resin based decorative quartz floors are also suitable for exterior surfaces like pool decks, driveways and walkways. One limitation of MMA is that it cannot be installed in occupied buildings due to its strong odor.
Duraamen Industrial and Polished Concrete Flooring Products are designed to provide labor saving and long lasting flooring solutions. Talk to an expert about your flooring challenges call +1 973-230-1301 or email us.
Company: Duraamen Engineered Products Inc.
Seaside and coastal areas are beautiful locations for commercial and residential buildings, but also pose the greatest challenges in protecting exterior-facing architectural aluminum products from corrosion. Without proper precautions and finishes, corrosion to these aluminum components can damage the building envelope's structural integrity, leading to systemic failure.
One of the most aggressive outdoor environments for aluminum is the seacoast. Of the seacoasts, Florida's coastal regions represent the most corrosive in the continental United States, with Cape Canaveral cited as the most corrosive atmospheric environment.
Corrosion rates vary from place to place and during different times at the same location. Such wide variability makes definitive conclusions difficult.
The primary variables affecting corrosion rates near the coast are the salt content in the air, the time of wetness of the metal surface, the temperature and the level of other atmospheric pollutants. Several environmental factors control these variables, including distance to the ocean, elevation, wind direction, wave action, rainfall, humidity, the degree of shelter and the level of industrial air pollution.
Painted coatings and anodized finishes are among the most durable finishes for exterior-facing architectural aluminum products.
As a prominent part of the building's exterior, the coated aluminum adds color and design to the project. This coating also protects the building from unsympathetic surroundings. When selecting a coating to withstand harsh corrosive environments, one should specify either:
- the highest-performing organic paint coating that meets AAMA 2605-13, Voluntary Specification, Performance Requirements and Test Procedures for Superior Performing Organic Coatings on Aluminum Extrusions and Panels; or
- a Class I anodize coating that meets AAMA 611-14, Voluntary Specification for Anodized Architectural Aluminum.
These two options continue to set the highest standard for architectural coatings, especially in a coastal or highly corrosive environment.
High-performance 70 percent PVDF coatings offer the capability to select nearly any conceivable color or combination of colors, while shielding the building against weathering, pollution and aging.
The carbon-fluorine bond used in 70 percent PVDF coating is one of the strongest kn own. These paint coatings can withstand enduring and intense UV radiation, which supports their long-term color- and gloss-retention, and chalk-resistance.
The first, and one of the most important, defenses against a paint failure is proper pretreatment of the aluminum. Without proper pretreatment, premature failure of the finish is almost guaranteed. Paint systems are designed to be applied over clean metal that has been properly pretreated.
Pretreatment of the aluminum building components to be used in severely corrosive or coastal environments is crucial.
The most time-tested, proven pretreatment system for architectural aluminum products is a chrome phosphate conversion coating. This process conforms to Type B, Method 5 of ASTM D1730-09 (Reapproved 2014), Standard Practices for Preparation of Aluminum and Aluminum-Alloy Surfaces for Painting, as required by AAMA 2605-13.
Offering the longest lifecycle and true sustainability, chrome phosphate conversion coatings continue to be recognized by the world-class coating manufacturers, Akzo-Nobel, PPG, and Valspar, as the most effective, robust pretreatments for aluminum. As a result, products installed along the seacoast and in other harsh industrial environments may not be warranted-or the warranty length and coverage could be compromised-when a chrome pretreatment system is not employed.
These highest-performing 70 percent PVDF are required to perform to rigorous testing performance standards, including more than 4,000 hours of salt spray, and heat- and humidity-resistance to meet the AAMA 2605-13 specification.
The shape and machining of the architectural aluminum products also may facilitate or deter corrosion. As examples:
- Machined holes and cut ends of factory-finished aluminum components are protected by thin, naturally forming aluminum oxide. This oxide, while tenacious in its bond to the underlying aluminum substrate, may be susceptible to attack from strong cleaners or heavy salt deposits.
- Hems and seams on aluminum components may be formed in a way that will collect sand. With movement, over time, this sand can erode away the painted coating or anodized finish.
- Components may be shaped with areas that are left holding pooling or ponding water. This often can become a major issue for corrosion.
- Specific to curtainwall and window systems' aluminum framing, ensure the weeps are large enough to avoid becoming plugged by salt deposits.
When extreme hardness is required for the aluminum building components, such as in high-traffic areas like entranceways and railings, an anodized aluminum finish should be specified to meet AAMA 611-14. The hardness of anodized aluminum rivals that of the diamond. (On the Moh scale of hardness, a diamond is 10 and anodized aluminum is 9.)
Architectural anodize is specified for its natural beauty, but also for its long life and low maintenance. It provides excellent wear and abrasion resistance with minimal maintenance in most environments. It resists the ravages of time, temperature, corrosion, humidity and warping.
Anodized aluminum should meet the strict guidelines of Class I specifications of AAMA 611-14, including a minimum oxide coating thickness of 0.018 mm (0.7 mil); minimum of 10 years color retention on the South Florida on-fence testing site; and 3,000 hours corrosion resistance.
Cleaning and Maintenance
Studies have shown increasing levels of atmospheric pollution can have a negative effect on finish longevity in the absence of periodic maintenance. Runoff from adjacent site materials must be considered in a corrosion prevention plan. For example, mortar, cement and even gypsum dust can accumulate as alkaline deposits on aluminum surfaces and must be promptly rinsed. This is especially true of mill finish or anodized surfaces. While somewhat more resistant to alkaline attack than anodized surfaces, high-performance paint finishes can be managed by rough attempts to remove such buildup.
AAMA 609 and 610-15, Cleaning and Maintenance Guide for Architecturally Finished Aluminum, and AAMA CW 10-15, Care and Handling of Architectural Aluminum from Shop to Site, are general guides for these precautions and cleaning activities.
Corrosion of architectural aluminum materials is a fact that must be recognized; proper steps must be taken to minimize the potential for its occurrence. With these building considerations and preventive measures in place, finished architectural aluminum retains its intended look and long life, while providing the desired performance in the harshest environments, including the highly-corrosive seacoast. These qualities reduce the need to replace materials and components, conserve resources, optimize labor and save money.
While cement-based overlays have been around for decades, many of the systems widely available today blend polymer resins with cement, sand and other additives to create a highly durable, attractive and easily maintained flooring overlay systems to be used over concrete.
With so many choices available on the market today, many questions arise as to the differences among polymer overlays, specifically in application and material, to achieve the functionality and appearance wanted by a client. Among the most popular choices:
Broom Finishes with Sealer and Optional Coloring
This type of overlay system finish is achieved by applying a base coat of thin-set resurfacing material over the surface by either squeegee or cement trowel. A second application is applied, and the surface is broom finished as new concrete is poured. The surface is then sealed with a sealer appropriate for the type of traffic that is anticipated.
This system is achieved by using two different types of application systems. Commonly known as a “knock-down” finish, it’s applied using a standard compressor and drywall hopper gun. More specifically, thin-set resurfacing material is sprayed over the surface and flattened using a standard cement swivel trowel, leaving various high/low spots. This allows surface water to pool in the lower un-troweled areas, which is better known as “cool deck,” since water sitting in the un-troweled areas allows water to stand and cools the deck. It’s also frequently used on pool decks and areas where skid resistance is required.
The second method of texturing is probably the most common type of decorating finish used by contractors nationwide. With this particular coating, a base coat of thin-set material is applied to the surface by hand trowel or spray to creating different designs that simulate the appearance of either stone or limestone. It is then stained and sealed with the appropriate type of sealer specific to traffic area.
Decorative Overlays (?” and ¼”)
These type of overlays are applied by trowel or screed rake. The ?” overlay is normally a seamless type of texture, giving the appearance of large simulated stone textures without grout joints, with hundreds of stamping mats area available in different designs and textures. Grout joints are cut into the surface after curing has taken place, and then the surface is stained and sealed with the appropriate sealer. The ¼” stamped overlay is very similar to the ?” overlay, except the pattern creates the simulation or design of individual stones with grout joints. The surface is then colored and sealed with the appropriate type of sealer depending upon the traffic.
Stain & Sealer Finishes
Staining and sealing of concrete surfaces is very popular in a wide range of environments. The system consists of staining the surface using water-based color-stains, dyes or acid stains, and then it’s typically saw-cut in patterns, shapes or designs, color applied and sealed to meet the traffic needs of the area.
Of: Leane Owen
2017 Color of the Year
Sherwin-Williams doesn’t usually like to play color favorites, but in this case we can’t resist. The color we anticipate defining 2017 is Poised Taupe SW 6039. Here’s why: This timeless neutral is modern, classic and a beautiful balance of warm and cool.
The 2016 industry shows revealed a surprising transition from grey to taupe. Both contract and consumer color and products have been focused on grey as the key neutral — although grey is still important, we have seen a significant shift in materials and finish color to warmer expressions of neutral.
Using the Sherwin-Williams ColorSnap® Visualizer, you can explore the Color of the Year, and with the swipe of a finger see it on any wall.
Tag your Poised Taupe Twitter and Instagram posts with #SWCOLORLOVE or upload a photo.
2017 Key color combinations featuring Poised Taupe…
In addition to the “warming up” of neutrals in general, 2017 will see several key colors emerge in combination with taupe.
Faded indigo and lighter cornflower hues pair with modern white and Poised Taupe for a charming palette, reminiscent of the French countryside.
Vegetal green, citrus green, weathered bronze and mustard yellow pair with Poised Taupe to create a contemporary organic palette — re-imagined for the modern world.
Pastels take on a vintage vibe with dusty ink, amber, Poised Taupe, sage and oxidized yellow.
Wine & Taupe
Deep wine, purple and Poised Taupe bring warmth to the dark tones favored in 2017. Silvery grey and intense teal provide balance and drama to this rich, mysterious palette.
Red and coral are vibrant and ore rich when combined with Poised Taupe and dusky rose. There is a natural feel to this palette, reminiscent of silt, clay and red stained bedrock.
Yellow takes bold direction when paired with black, white, Poised Taupe and deep teal for a super graphic look.
Company: The Sherwin-Williams Company
Now homeowners have the freedom to choose the color they really want for painting their vinyl siding. Thanks to its strength, durability, versatility and ease of maintenance, vinyl siding is the No. 1 choice of exterior covering for homes across the country. According to U.S. Census Bureau statistics, twice as many homeowners side their homes with vinyl than with any other material.
However, vinyl siding colors traditionally range from white to sandstone, with maybe a Wedgewood blue thrown in for variety. In the past, if a homeowner wanted to change the color of his or her vinyl siding by painting, color choice was limited to the same range as or lighter than the existing color. Why? Because darker colors absorb more heat, causing the plastic vinyl to warp, buckle and distort.
But thanks to Sherwin-Williams new VinylSafe® colors, which ensures that darker colors don’t absorb heat, this is no longer the case. Innovative VinylSafe® paint colors solve that problem by allowing you the freedom to choose from 100 colors options, including darks such as Ground Hog and Green Mountain, and brights named Frilly and Nikko Blue formulated to resist warping or buckling when applied to sound, stable vinyl siding. Plus, they can get custom matches by using Sherwin-Williams ColorSnap® Precision, our exclusive technology for ensuring exceptional color accuracy and consistency. Each vinyl siding color is available in Sherwin-Williams SuperPaint® Exterior and Duration® Home Exterior product lines. With the new VinylSafe® color palette, you can offer your customers both an economical way to achieve fresh curb appeal and a world of color choices.
Company: The Sherwin-Williams Company
Product: Exterior Paints
Color perception changes throughout the day. Here’s what you need to know about the sun’s changing influence.
Is that wall yellow, beige or tan?
Depending on the time of day, it could be any of the three.
As the angle and intensity of the sun shift, the wavelengths reflected from the objects around us shift along with them. In order for design professionals to accurately account for these subtle but constant changes, it helps to understand what our eyes and brains are doing when they process color.
Human beings are what’s called “diurnal,” which means our eyes have evolved to see better during the day than night. Over the course of a day, your brain spends a lot of time sorting through light waves, assessing so-called “chromatic bias” to figure out what color you’re really observing.
According to Bevil Conway, associate professor of neuroscience at Wellesley College in Massachusetts, “Every natural light source has a chromatic bias, and the brain is surprisingly good at removing this bias to determine color.” Much better than a camera, for instance.
Morning and evening have an orange bias, while midday light under a clear sky has a blue bias. As the quality and angle of light changes, the brain automatically adjusts for these shifts by subtracting the prevailing bias — orange or blue in natural light — to maintain accurate color perception.
But the system isn’t perfect. Where the brain must work hardest, Conway says, is during transition periods from dawn to early morning, and from twilight and dusk to dark, when the timing of the light changes is the most rapid.
“One of the reasons our brains find sunsets so thrilling is that we can see the color biases changing,” Conway says. But if you are assessing colors in a room, these are also the times of day when the brain’s perception of color are constantly in flux and, hence, the worst times to make color decisions.
Experience does matter, though. According to Conway, the brain not only uses the immediate color data coming through the eye at any given moment, it also compares that information to a vast database of prior experience to arrive at its best color guess. Though the brain can be fooled, Conway says, its previous experience guides it toward more accurate perceptions of color in the future.
Tips to Improve Your Color Confidence
- The only way to be absolutely sure what a color will look like under different lighting conditions is to observe it firsthand. The sun’s angle and direction, as well as the amount and quality of artificial light, can have dramatic impact on color perception. Northern-facing rooms tend to skew blue during the day, and western-facing windows are affected most by the orange shift at sunset.
- Colors appear truest in the middle of the day under indirect natural sunlight. Too much sunlight can wash them out, however, while too little (morning and evening) tends to darken them. Oranges and reds can intensify later in the day, and as the light dims, darker colors become duller and harder to distinguish.
- What we perceive as “colors” are really surfaces reflecting and absorbing various wavelengths of light. Everything in a room can affect color perception — furniture, carpet, drapes, bookshelves — which is why a blank wall in an empty room can look dramatically different when that same room is furnished.
- Use window blinds to control the amount of direct light entering a room. While opening and closing them, pay careful attention to subtle shifts in color. This will help you anticipate other color shifts as the light changes throughout the day.
- Like natural light, artificial light has its own color biases. Incandescent bulbs have a warm orange shift. Fluorescent bulbs provide a cool blue light. LED light is whiter and more neutral but can also be programmed for different wavelengths and intensities, making it an increasingly popular indoor lighting option.
- Most pigments aren’t 100 percent light-stable. This means that they actually break down with prolonged light exposure, especially under UV light. So, if you have a richly colored object or painting, keep it out of direct sunlight, or put it under UV-conservation glass.
Company: The Sherwin-Williams Company
Of: Tad Simons
Lumiere - Reflector Designer Epoxy Coatings with miniscule metallic pigment particles suspended in translucent epoxies are giving contractors the uncanny ability to produce mirror-like surfaces without having to grind the first diamond to achieve that shine.
Offered in a dazzling array of colors, reflector designer epoxy coatings are being used to create gorgeous and highly durable designer floors largely in metropolitan areas throughout the world where superior surfaces are needed and a contemporary look is desired. These places run the gamut, from nightclubs, restaurants, car showrooms and offices to health care facilities, spas, salons, gyms and high-end retail stores.
Some of these epoxy coatings don’t contain any metal and are largely mica or synthetic mica particles coated with colors. Others have different aluminum pigments, various metals and liquid colorants. Some are a combination of all of the above. But the traits making these premium coatings so popular are their consistent three-dimensional depth, color and shine that rival the luster achieved with more labor-intensive polishing. The shine comes from the metallic pigments in the coatings that reflect light instead of absorb it.
Today’s easy-to-use reflector metallic epoxy coatings are attractive for many other reasons as well. Overall, epoxy formulas have been greatly improved to flow more efficiently and not to produce nearly as many bubbles as in years past. The coatings, which are clearer and less likely to amber, dry fast without compromising their integrity. They also have an extended pot life.
Installers report a quicker turnaround time with the newer metallic products with less labor involved. For floors in bad shape, reflector designer epoxy coatings can be a less expensive and viable alternative to overlays, polishing and stains.
The decorative thin-film systems generally require a primer before applying the metallic coating and then a topcoat of a clear polyurethane or high-build polyaspartic sealer. Although the products are self-leveling, they can be spread with a notched trowel, roller or squeegee in a random back and forth motion.
Lumiere, Reflector Designer epoxy coatings can produce seamless floors that are chemical resistant, easy to clean and highly durable. In restaurants, these coatings meet the USDA criteria for flooring. They are also environmentally friendly products, with very little to no VOCs.
Company: Duraamen Engineered Products Inc.
REASON 1: DESIGN OPTIONS
From polished concrete floors to matte, satin and gloss finishes, the sky’s the limit for modern design options with concrete resurfacing products from Düraamen.
Our colorfast integral color is available in 34 individual colors. 68 hues can be realized depending on your choice of either a gray or white basecoat. Aesthetically stunning classic, modern, and contemporary designs can be achieved with thoughtful color selection.
REASON 2: A WISE INVESTMENT
A tough, modern resurfaced concrete floor adds dollars to your property.
New flooring using concrete resurfacing is one of the best investments you can make to your home or commercial property. This is particularly true in the case of decorative, resurfaced concrete flooring. Unlike carpeting or hardwood, resurfaced concrete will stay looking new for years to come and its appearance and durability adds value to any home or commercial property.
REASON 3: PROTECTION
Concrete resurfacing provides protection against spills, soil, scrapes & abrasions.
A resurfaced concrete floor is the most impact, scratch and abrasion resistant when compared to other types of residential flooring. Mud, dirt and spills clean up easily on a decorative concrete floor. The only maintenance required is occasional dust and conventional mopping.
REASON 4: EXPENSE
Concrete resurfacing is less expensive than replacing concrete.
Resurfaced concrete flooring is far less expensive than concrete replacement, comparably priced to carpeting and a better value than hardwood flooring. It may be applied over existing concrete, tile or plywood. When you consider it’s durability and ease of maintenance it is by far the best value available in residential and commercial flooring options.
Company: Duraamen Engineered Products Inc.
STIR® sits down with Curb Appeal’s John Gidding for a look into what drives his designs and color choices.
You may know him as the brain behind stunning front-home makeovers on HGTV’s Curb Appeal or as one of the expert judges on Fox’s Home Free. However you recognize John Gidding, it’s clear he’s a design talent with a keen eye for color — and a very busy man. Between his many projects, STIR was able to sit down with John and get a look into his color theory and design inspirations, plus what’s coming up next.
STIR: Hi, John! You’ve been a designer in the public eye for a long time now. Before HGTV and your other prominent design ventures, when did you first realize you were destined to be an architect and a designer?
John Gidding (JG): It happened when I was very young. I was good at art and math and someone told me I should be an architect. It became a self-fulfilling prophecy — whenever anyone asked me what I wanted to be afterward I always said “architect.” I got into college and I took an architecture course and sure enough, I enjoyed it.
STIR: Many may view design and architecture as strictly creative fields. Where do you see your strengths in math come into play?
JG: The world of architecture is built on constraints. Understanding those constraints means being able to have a conversation with the professional in the field — that’s where math comes in. The capacity to be able to speak to structural engineers about a thoughtful project is important, so over the years [math] has really helped.
STIR: Where do you go to find color inspiration for your designs?
JG: Fashion is always a first resource — [fashion designers] are always at the cutting, bleeding edge of trends and where color trends are going to go.
STIR: You’ve lived in many different cities — from Istanbul, Turkey, where you were born, to New York City and San Francisco. How have each of these places influenced your personal design aesthetic?
JG: One of the more influential cities for me was Atlanta — I moved there to shoot Curb Appeal. The residents certainly know and love that city and their architecture. Especially when it comes to residential architecture, which is what I was working on at the time. Atlanta is highly livable, there’s a lot of money being spent into the infrastructure — suddenly it’s becoming more of a pedestrian city.
STIR: Where are you seeing color palettes headed in both the residential and commercial design marketplaces today?
JG: [Design] is an on-off-on-off cycle. So because we’ve been seeing very saturated colors lately, I’m predicting we’ll move to warmer, softer tones in the blues, purples and pinks.
STIR: Which color trend are you loving at the moment?
JG: I often love the milkier grayish and grayed-out shades. I always use them. We have a joke in my firm, we call it “Gidding gray.” Any grayed-out version of a color I’ll probably be excited about.
STIR: How do you use color differently in your landscape design compared to interior design? Does your use of color in one inform your use of color in the other?
JG: For exterior projects, there are no trends that are of importance. I instead look at the fabric of the community, flora and fauna of the microclimate, and that’s what decides colors for me. Certain architecture doesn’t go well with certain colors, so I like basing my colors on architectural precedent as well.
Interior design is much more about the homeowners and the lifestyle they want to create. Also, room by room, I tend to choose colors based on the interior room function.
STIR: What’s your favorite color rule to break?
JG: Values, when they are close together (same tints and hues), tend to give a calmer appearance. Values that are pure hues and bright saturations with lots of contrast tend to create energy — and this is what I like to break — I try to create a calm environment while still using pops of contrasting color.
STIR: Any tips for designers and architects looking to push their color boundaries in their projects?
JG: The biggest challenge is to saturate without making [the room] look too graphic or too trendy — and bringing in color when possible and appropriate without making the project dated or rubbing people the wrong way. The solution to this problem is contrasting colors with natural materials — that pairing neutralizes the space so people feel at home.
STIR: What is your favorite Sherwin-Williams color?
JG: Porpoise! Can you tell how quickly I answered the question? It’s always been my favorite Sherwin-Williams color. I use it in facades, kitchens, interiors and exteriors. It’s the perfect taupey gray. You can follow John’s latest design adventures on Instagram, Twitter and Facebook and at JanusArch.com. Plus, catch him this summer on his show, The Secret Guide to Fabulous on LogoTV.
Company: The Sherwin-Williams Company
Linetec Specialty Coatings include antimicrobial protection for high-touch, architectural metal products’ exterior and interior surfaces, such as doors, windows, curtainwall, entrances, panels and column covers.
Antimicrobial protection is infused into select Linetec 70% PVDF-based fluoropolymer product finishes helping to inhibit the growth of stain and odor causing bacteria that may affect the surface of the coating. It protects product finishes from microorganisms such as bacteria that may cause odor and deterioration of the physical properties of the coating.
How it Works
When moisture is present, the ion exchange mechanism in the antimicrobial finish is activated and silver cations are released. The released silver acts on odor causing bacterial by disrupting metabolism and reproduction.
What Are the Color Options
The antimicrobial product protection offered by Linetec is available in nearly any color option; standard and custom colors, mica and metallic coatings.
This white paper describes the uses and advantages of antimicrobial infused coatings, as well as details the related technology, testing and specifications. According to the paper, “The need for microbial control stems from the fact that there are an estimated 4.5 million bacterial and fungi species throughout the planet, many of which travel and migrate via the constant ebb and flow of human foot traffic through an ever-changing population of people visiting public buildings. Under the right conditions, some microbes can double in number every 30 minutes or faster.”
Achieving the look of wood without the maintenance, Linetec has teamed with Decoral Systems USA to offer decorative, wood grain finishes for architectural products. These finishes are available in a vast variety of different options, colors and species. Decoral coatings are an ideal specificaiton choice for architects and designers wanting the warm, rich look and feel of real wood, with all the benefits of aluminum.
The beauty of wood without the maintenance
The Decoral wood grain system has developed the highest quality powders, inks, films and equipment that, when combined, create high-resolution image and beauty in architectural design. Ordinary materials come to life in splendid color and impeccable wood grain lines, stimulating the imagination and uplifting the spirit with impeccable quality and definition.
Decoral wood grain finishes have been subjected to the most demanding testing for durability, ruggedness, chemical and weather resistance. The results of this testing allow for al long term warranty in most indoor and outdoor environments.
Advantages of Decoral Wood Grain
- Weather and humidity proof
- Corrosion resistant
- Fire retardant
- No maintenance required
- High UV resistance
- Easy to fabricate
- High scratch resistance
- Does not swell, rot or warp
- Less costly than wood
- Termite and insect proof
- Wood Grain Selection
With over fifty options and ranges in wood patterns, Linetec has selected the following AAMA-2604 texure wood grain finishes as our standard palette, however we can provide any wood grain, marble, granite, or custom design that you'd like.
The Decoral System
The Decoral dye sublimation process is a heat transfer system, that is based on the physical reaction that makes the inks, from a solid stage, become gas and again a solid. At the precise temperature and pressure, the pigment inks transfer from the paper support and move into the synthetic layer of Decoral powder, fixing the original color and position into it. Decoral products are constantly submitted to the most severe durability tests both in the laboratories and in outdoor exposure including the Florida test fence. The Linetec wood grain process uses the AAMA 2604 Gold Series Decoral powder coatings.
Luxury chalet reminiscent of the Blue Ridge Mountains. The Smokecreek Chalet is tucked away in a quiet cul-de-sac boasting 5 bedrooms and over 5,550 square feet. Fleur de Sel (SW 7666) invites comfort and luxury into this contemporary Atlanta home, designed by Her Cave Atlanta.
Jessica Murphy Owner/Designer Her Cave Atlanta :
My love of construction comes from dreaming about what it would look like to breathe new life into the dying downtown strip and old antebellum homes of Main Street – small town, USA where I grew up. At the University of Colorado at Boulder while studying Architectural Engineering my dreams began to take shape.
Style is a reflection of life experiences and as such my personal style is eclectic – contemporary, slightly industrial, with a touch of modern fascination and a pinch of classic elegance. I like it all. An interior designer once described it as 'old world traveler'".
Company: The Sherwin-Williams Company
Passionate pursuit. Fresh mindfulness. Vintage workmanship. Social engagement. And technology and materials that seem to come from out of this world. We’re taking the best of everything life has to offer and indulging in the moment. Prepare to come together as we go in passionate pursuit of a shared color consciousness.
The elements that remind us to live well, be well, and stay well are vital to creating spaces to unplug.
Meaningful change begins locally. Driven by social engagements as much as social media, we're coming together to rediscover the pleasures of intimate gatherings.
Our new industrial evolution may be small batch and grassroots, but it’s built to last.
Technology’s pace has us living in a constant state of wonder. The boundaries between art, science, and commerce continue to blur.
We’re taking the best of everything life has to offer and indulging in the moment. Prepare to come together as we go in passionate pursuit of a shared color consciousness.
View the extensive list of the products and people who inspired each palette.
Company: The Sherwin-Williams Company
Online Color Selection and Specification Tool (January 11, 2016), NOVA Effects coatings provide rich color and vibrant sparkle (December 14, 2015), Protecting Industrial Flooring with Polyaspartic Coatings (November 30, 2015), Specialty systems improve on standing architecture (November 27, 2015)